Archivi categoria: Standards

FACE3 | Final event

Interreg Italy-Austria FACEcamp project has offered a training course aimed at increasing the know-how of companies and freelance professionals operating in the field of complex technological building façades. The course aimed to transfer to freelance professionals and technical staff of construction companies, concepts and innovative methods in the sector of complex technological façades. The educational program had a complete structure regarding the covered topics, to provide innovative concepts, tools and methods, while stimulating the growth of local skills in the construction sector, increasingly subject to environmental and energy regulations.

The course was divided into 6 units, for a total of 15 days. It was characterized by a strong orientation to practice with the participation of experienced speakers, well-known for their skills in the field. All contents have been conceived and designed to address the main themes of concept, design, calculation, production, installation and maintenance of complex building facades. A study trip to Milan was organized to closely analyse significant examples of technological innovation in the field of façades.

We are inviting you to the final event with public presentations of the results, that will take place on Thursday, December 6th, h 10-17 at NOI Techpark, Bolzano (Italy). You can download the full program here.

Target group
Companies, architects, engineers, developers, owners, research centres.

Continuous Educational Units (CEUs)
Participation is valid for 5 CFP for architects, 4 CFP for periti industriali, 3 CFP for engineers.

Fee
Participation is free, upon registration here. Places are limited.

Event in English language without translation.


Program

10:00  Registration

10:30  Introduction. IDM Alto Adige – Südtirol, Ecosystem Construction

Façade design and construction. The hot spots.
Angelo Lucchini, full professor at Politecnico of Milan, ABC Department

The future of façades. The industry’s perspective.
Paolo Rigone, UNICMI, Technical Manager

FACE 3rd edition. Façade physics, technology, operations. The Project Works of the 3rd edition of the course:

11:00  The effect of dynamic selective shading devices and their potential in Northern Europe.
Jaap Aanhaanen, Cowi, responsible for facade projects

11:15  Adaptable Window system.
Giovanni Toniato, Eurofinestra, product developer

11:30  Energy retrofitting of two building typologies: apartment block and   individual house under conservation measures.
Jernej Markelj, AaJM+, freelance architect

11:45  Climate-adaptive building’s façade: digital workflow for façade construction.
Angelo Figliola, Unicam SAAD, architect and researcher

12:00  BIM for glazed facades production and installation phase.
Audrius Lukosius, Fasadglas Bäcklin, façade design manager

12:15  Desktop study of timber unitised curtain wall fire performance for high rise tower application.
Alessandro Massarotto, C&S Facades, cladding bid manager

12:30  A façade integrated, heat recovery, nearly passive ventilation unit.
Zuzana Prochazkova, Pich Architects, architect & R+D manager

12:45  BIM, BEM and AVA for solar shading system.
Reinhard Trojer, HELLA, technical department

13:00  Lunch break

14:00  New Tech Façade (NTF).
Federico Dal Cin, Studio FDC, owner & building envelope specialist

14:15  A design proposal for a building integrated solar thermal vertical collector   (BIST) working as a dynamic self-activated shading device.
Giulia Santoro, Arup Italia, façade engineer

14:30  Decision-making tool -optic (glazing) component for ME-climatic condition.
Aya Alayan, Navitas, façade engineer

14:45  One single model: structural glazing analysis for complex shape structures.
Marco Benedetti, Maffeis Engineering, façade and structural engineer

15:00  LCA Façade Configurator.
Matteo Giovanardi, Ai Group, freelance architect and energy modeler

15:15  Adaptive glaze façade for an office building in Rome.
Ornella Ferlito, Manens-Tifs, building physics specialist

15:30  Case study to create a company procedure of development and innovation on technical details.
Michele Realis Luc, Zanetti, project manager

15:45  Dependency of energy loads and operational costs of a typical office room on façade design choices.
Paolo Bonato, EURAC research, junior researcher

16:00  Jury final evaluation

16:30  Closing
Final certificates. Best Project Work special mention. Closing remarks.


funded by European Regional Development Fund and Interreg V-A Italy-Austria 2014-2020
finanziato dal Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale e Interreg V-A Italia-Austria 2014-2020
gefördert durch den Europäischen Fonds für regionale Entwicklung und Interreg V-A Italien-Österreich 2014-2020

Join us in Malaga for a journey into Sustainability 4.0

Industry 4.0 is the name given to the new era of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies, including the Internet of things (IoT), cyber-physical systems, cloud- and cognitive computing. This is or it is expected to be the fourth industrial revolution … Ok, nice, but what about sustainability? When it comes to sustainability, still today the cornerstones of the discussion are the concept of a sustainable development (1987, 31 years ago) and the triple bottom line (1994, 24 years ago)…

El Palmeral de Las Sorpresas (Junquera Arquitectos) – Port of Malaga

With RESTORE we are going further, envisioning a restorative/regenerative sustainability, where we are required to do “more good” instead of “less bad” if we really intend to subvert the current pace in the fight against the climate change, recovering an approach that is both human and natural. We know that the building industry is rapidly moving towards a full digitalization, where tools (the means) look sometimes more important than purposes. How can digitalization follow through this transition in the concept of sustainability? Is the new generation of skilled professionals of the digital design age capable to embed the new principles of sustainability in their every day work? How can we restore a balanced relationship between humans and nature – inside and outside our buildings, districts, communities – exploiting the new tools that industry 4.0 make us available? Is a (digital) sustainability 4.0 feasible?

Join us in Malaga next 15-19 October for the International Conference on Regenerative Design in the Digital Practice to discover it 😉

Plastic model of Malaga – Edificio Múltiple de Servicios Municipales

The main focus of the Conference Week in Malaga, organized in the frame of Cost Action CA16114 RESTORE CA16114, is the Digital Implementation of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals and Regenerative Sustainable Design principles in the practice of design. Via the integrated use of freeware digital parametric modelling, the discussed challenges are to adapt to climate change, improve outdoor microclimate qualities and indoor health/ wellbeing, operating a transformation that responds to the criteria of Circular Economy.

What: International Conference on Regenerative Design in the Digital Practice
When: 15-19 Oct 2018
Where: in Malaga at
– Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Málaga – UMA – Plaza el Ejido 2. Campus El Ejido. 29071 (from October, 15th to 18th)
– OMAU – Camino de la Desviación s/n. 29017 (October, 19th)

Participation is free of charge upon registration here on Eventbrite, but places are limited. For updates / news / photos, check out #RESTOREMalaga
Special side event on Friday 19th: Visit to Malaga Cathedral retrofit work by Juan Manuel Sánchez La Chica.

Program:

Monday 15-10-2018 / 09:00 – 13:30


Morning Conference on ‘Regenerative Design & Integrated Parametric Modelling‘.

Presenters: Emanuele Naboni (KADK, Copenhagen, DK), Martin Brown (Fairsnape, UK) and Terri Peters (Ryerson University, CA), Jonathan Natanian (TUM, Munich, DE), Silvia Vian (Foster + Partners, UK), Luca Finocchiaro (NTNU, Trondheim, NO), Dimitra Theochari (Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl, DE), Negar Mohtashami (RWTH, Aachen, DE), Herman Calleja (ChapmanBDSP, UK), Pietro Florio (EPFL, Lausanne, CH), Angelo Figliola (Sapienza, Rome, IT), Jonas Gremmelspacher (Lund University, SE), Juan Pablo Sepulveda Corradini (AECOM, AU)

Location: Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Málaga – UMA – Plaza el Ejido 2. Campus El Ejido. 29071.

Tuesday 16-10-2018 / 09:00 – 13:30


Morning Conference on ‘Design for Climate Adaptation‘.

Presenters: Chris Mackey (Ladybug Tools, USA), Theodorus Galanos (Construction Company, EL), Kristoffer Negendahl (BIG & DTU, DK), Ata Chokhachian (TU Munich, DE), Emanuele Naboni (KADK, Copenhagen, DK), Chris Kongsgaard (DTU, Kongens Lyngby, DK), Antoine Dao (Mallzee, UK), Daniele Iori (Sapienza, Rome, IT), Ilya Dunichkin (MGSU, Moscow, RU), Katharina Manecke (GIZ, DE)

Location: Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Málaga – UMA – Plaza el Ejido 2. Campus El Ejido. 29071.

Edificio Múltiple de Servicios Municipales, Ayuntamiento de Málaga

Wednesday 17-10-2018 / 09:00 – 13:30


Morning Conference on ‘Design for Life Cycle Impact Reduction‘.

Presenters: Alexander Hollberg (ETH Zürich, CH), Panu Pasanen (OneClickLCA, FI), Tiziano Dalla Mora (University of Venice, IT), Lisanne Havinga (TU/e, Eindhoven, NL), Kristoffer Negendahl (BIG & DTU, DK), Kasimir Forth (TUM, Munich, DE), Andrea Meneghelli (POLIMI, Milan, IT), Mateusz Ploszaj-Mazurek (Warsaw University of Technology, PL), Alina Galimshina (ETH, Zürich, CH)

Location: Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Málaga – UMA – Plaza el Ejido 2. Campus El Ejido. 29071.

Thursday 18-10-2018 / 09:00 – 13:30


Morning Conference on ‘Design for Wellbeing‘.

Presenters: Amanda Sturgeon (International Living Future Institute, USA), Angela Loder (International WELL Building Institute, USA), Terri Peters (Ryerson University, CA), Wilmer Pasut (Eurac Research, IT), Emanuele Naboni (KADK, Copenhagen, DK), Eugenijus Sapel (Vesta Consulting, LT), Szabina Varnagy (ABUD, HU), Clement Jaffrelo (Sinteo, FR), Vincenzo Costanzo (University of Catania, IT)

Location: Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Málaga – UMA – Plaza el Ejido 2. Campus El Ejido. 29071.

La Santa Iglesia Catedral Basílica de la Encarnación, Málaga

Friday 19-10-2018 / 09:00 – 15:30


Final Conference on ‘Regenerative Design & Competition‘.

Presenters: Carlo Battisti (Eurac Research, IT), Amanda Sturgeon (International Living Future Institute, USA), Emanuele Naboni (KADK, Copenhagen, DK), Angela Loder (International WELL Building Institute, USA), Chris Mackey (Ladybug Tools, USA)

SPECIAL LOCATION: OMAU – Camino de la Desviación s/n. 29017.

Friday 18-10-2018 / 15:30 – 17:00


Visit to Malaga Cathedral retrofit work by Juan Manuel Sánchez La Chica

SPECIAL LOCATION: Malaga Cathedral – Calle Molina Lario, 9, 29015.

We are looking forward to welcome you joining us in the journey into Sustainability 4.0 #RESTOREMalaga #CostRestore 🙂

Escuela de Arquitectura en Málaga

The 2019 Klimahouse Startup Award call is open!

A focus on innovation and people. Thirty-two startups from all over Europe at Klimahouse 2019.

“The Human Factor”: for the third edition of the Klimahouse Startup Award the call for participation is open until 5 November. The best technologies that bring together buildings, people and nature will compete for a prize worth €30,000. The manager of Fiera Bolzano, Thomas Mur, comments, “Building in harmony with nature is in the DNA of the people of South Tyrol.”

Thirty-two startups from all over Europe at the centre of Klimahouse 2019. Now at its third edition, the Klimahouse Startup Award grows threefold and dominates the central area of this European event dedicated to energy-efficient building. Hence, the Startup Village becomes a real centre of innovation at the Fiera Bolzano (Bolzano Trade Fair). The 4-day showcase will include themed meetings and matchmaking between startups, companies and strategic partners for the green startups of the future, which will see an increase from the 10 participating last year to 32 at the 2019 edition. The call for participation for the Award, which, this year, involves a total prize amount of €30,000 in services, is now officially open and startups can apply at the following link. The theme of this edition, scheduled from 23 to 26 January, will be “The Human Factor“: therefore, the focus will be on the consequences for people of technologies dedicated to smart building, smart living and the smart city. A new feature will be included: the prize awarded by the public, who will be called on to vote on the days of the event. Moreover, the special Agenzia CasaClima prize has been confirmed.

Thomas Mur, Director of Fiera Bolzano explains, “We want to give scope to innovation that focuses on people and especially on their habitat. Given the excellent response in recent years, we have decided to further expand the spaces provided. Building in harmony with nature is in the DNA of the people of South Tyrol: man and the environment play leading roles in our eco-system and, last year, the NOI (Nature of Innovation) Techpark opened, the first science park inspired by nature. It is a place where companies and research centres, startups and universities work together to build a better and sustainable future for everyone”. The scientific director of the event, Luca Barbieri, comments, “This edition will be increasingly international and well-attended. The Klimahouse Startup Award involves the partnership of leading business incubators in Central Europe, focusing on young entrepreneurs and well-established companies and thus creating a virtuous circle where ideas acquire shape and substance.  In this way, innovation proves to be what it should be: positive change based on people and their wellbeing.”

The 2019 edition of the award is promoted in collaboration with the International Living Future Institute, a non-governmental organisation founded in Seattle that is present in Europe with an office at NOI Techpark as of this year. Since 2006, it has been promoting Living Building Challenge, the strictest and most advanced standard certifying sustainability applied to buildings. As confirmation of the partnership, the CEO of the International Living Future Institute, Amanda Sturgeon, author of the book entitled Creating Biophilic Buildings, will make the opening address at the final of the Klimahouse Startup Award scheduled for 25 January. 

The Klimahouse Startup Award: the call for participation

The Klimahouse Startup Award 2019 is open to all startups operating in the following sectors: building, energy, services, IT and the IoT, provided that they apply to the field of energy-efficient and sustainable building. Startups are all companies based in the EU, established not before the year 2014, whose main activity strongly features innovation. Applications must be submitted by 6pm on 5 November 2018 using the form published at the address

http://www.fierabolzano.it/klimahouse/en/startup-award.htm

The participation fee is €999 + VAT: the full amount will be refunded to the ten startups selected for the final on 25 January. By 19 November 2018, a technical jury will select the 32 startups called to exhibit their services and products in Bolzano from 23 – 26 January 2019 at Klimahouse in the Startup Village in the Fiera Bolzano halls. Every day, several session pitches will be held to allow the participating startups to introduce themselves to the public at Klimahouse: during the first three days of the event, the technical panel of judges will select the ten startups to compete for the first prize during the final that will take place at NOI Techpark. The startup finalists will be judged by the panel on an elevator pitch and on a subsequent Q&A session. This year, for the first time, the public will also vote. Visitors and exhibitors will be able to assign a symbolic “Public Prize” by voting using the specific cards on the first three days of the event. Info: Klimahousestartupaward@klimahouse.it.

The total prize amount of the event, in services, is €30,000. The winner will have a fully set up stand, with additional services and hospitality, at the Klimahouse 2020 editions, advertising services in the catalogue and on the official website of the event, as well as 150 invitation vouchers, a visibility package with a press release and a video interview, all for the 2020 edition. In addition, the winner will be able to take part in ComoCasaClima scheduled to take place in Erba (CO), from 15 – 17 November 2019. The Klimahouse Startup Award is organised by Fiera di Bolzano, IDM Alto Adige-Südtirol and Blum.

What does good look like?

Living Buildings in Europe, the autumn workshop series.

Thanks to you, the International Living Future Institute works every day to realise the climate action defined by the Paris Accords. We lead the direction toward products, buildings and communities that are socially just, culturally rich and ecologically restorative.

With this vision as our guide, we can enact truly transformational change.

Now, the Living Future Institute Europe is poised to unify a regenerative standard across a continent that is already leading the way to resilient built environments. We invite you to partner with LFI Europe to support this transformation and bring global solutions to a global problem.

Oct 17, 2018 Barcelona, Spain

We are excited to announce that this October, we are hosting a series of Living Building Challenge Workshops and events across the continent. Here, you will learn:

  • How to create truly biophilic and regenerative buildings and communities
  • How to become a Zero Energy leader
  • How to achieve a Net Positive Water demand
  • How to select Healthy Materials

Oct 19, 2018 Malaga, Spain

These workshops are aimed at architects, engineers, developers and product manufacturers interested in innovative and transformative solutions, providing insights from leaders in the green building community through real-world examples. Workshop participants will receive instruction on the actionable tools and techniques that can be applied in your local context.

Oct 23, 2018 Paris, France

REGISTER HERE FOR OUR UPCOMING EVENTS

Oct 24, 2018 Eindhoven, Netherlands

Spaces are limited for this unique training opportunity; please RSVP TODAY.

We look forward to seeing you there!

Reserve your seat.

For further information about these events and the Living Future Institute Europe initiative:

International Living Future Institute
Voltastraße / Via Volta 13A
I-39100 Bozen / Bolzano
Tel. +39 0471 094989
carlo.battisti@living-future.org
https://living-future.org/living-future-europe/

Regenerative Design in the Digital Practice.

Apply for the 2nd RESTORE Training School 🙂

Supported by  the Institute of Architecture and Technology (IBT) of The Royal Danish Academy (KADK) and COST RESTORE Action CA16114.

Are you a European professional or a researcher with demonstrated experience in Regenerative Design? Or have you been applying Grasshopper based modelling of Outdoor Climate,  LCA-Circular Economy, or Indoor Wellbeing? Do you have experience in Grasshopper based integrated design? If the answer is yes to any of this question, and you would like to exchange and further develop your research and practical skills in an intensive design competition, this Training School in Malaga (15th to 19th of October, 2019) is for you. By the way, you will be co-funded with 800 euros to participate in 5 days of pure design and modelling,  digital tutorials from the international trainers and scientific conferences.

Click here for details and apply by August 5th, 2018.

The International Trainers

Emanuele Naboni (KADK), Chris Mackey (Ladybug Tools and Payette, USA),  Amanda Sturgeon (International Living Future Institute, USA), Negendhal Kristoffer (BIG, Denmark), Angela Loder (International WELL Building Institute, USA), Martin Brown(Fairsnape, UK), Ata Chokhachian (TU Munich, Germany), Daniele Santucci (TU Munich, Germany), Munch-Peterson Palle (Henning Larsen and KADK, Denmark), Alexander Hollberg (ETH Zürich, Switzerland), Panu Pasanen (One Click LCA, Finland), Wilmer Pasut (Eurac Research, Italy).

Regenerative Design: from Theory to the Digital Practice.

The aim of the conferences and the training school is the digital implementation of Regenerative Sustainable Design principles in the transformation of existing sites. Via the use of freeware digital parametric modelling, the challenges are to improve outdoor microclimate qualities and the indoor wellbeing, operating a transformation that responds to the criteria of Circular Economy.

The research and design project will represent, in this regard, an opportunity for enhancing life in all its manifestations. This presumes shifting the focus from a solely based human-centred design process into a nature-centred one, where “people and buildings can commit to a healthy relationship with the environment where they are placed”. Such approaches are discussed in morning conferences and in the afternoon scientific driven design developments.

The Barrio of La Luz, which was built after 1960 in Malaga is used as a reference. The site is a polluted heat-island, disconnected from sea breezes, with a spread hardscape, and with no presence of natural elements. Furthermore, the urban dwellers experience poor wellbeing due to the deprived quality of the units, being these modified by tenants often leading to obstructing natural ventilation and light. The projection of climate change will further exacerbate such outdoor and indoor conditions, and there is a need for an example of interventions that are scalable to the Spanish national level.

20 trainees will form four groups that will develop four competing transformation design proposals. The design that shows a qualitative creative solution with the higher simulated performances will be awarded. Criteria for evaluation will also include the quality of the digital modelling phases and the dynamics of development of the integrated strategies. To assess the projects’ success, the jury is composed of a mix of international and local professionals and scientist, with experience in architecture, performance and modelling.

Collaborating for a Living Future.

A brand-new steering committee for the Italian LBC Collaborative.

The Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy (LBCCI) is a group of local professional volunteers committed to sustainability, education and implementation of the Living Building Challenge. The LBCC Italy provides a unique in person forum to facilitate change in the built environment. LBC is the most progressive sustainability standard in the world.  While there are a handful of Living Buildings in the world, the number of teams trying to achieve Living Building Challenge status increase every year.

At the Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy meeting last May 23rd, we established the new Collaborative steering committee. The mission is to implement the Collaborative strategy and organize and develop the related tasks. The new committee has a clear competence related focus, to address effectively the challenge of developing LBC at a national scale, in close connection with the Living Future Institute Europe initiative and ILFI in Seattle.

Here are the new board members and their brief profiles: Carlo Battisti (facilitator, Outreach), Giuseppe Barbiero (Research), Alla Kudryashova (Operations), Michele Massaro (Projects), Marco Rossato (Products) and Alessandro Speccher (Education).

Carlo Battisti
Living Future Institute Europe
Sustainable innovation manager and consultant. Degree in Civil Engineering from the Politecnico of Milan, twenty years of experience with construction companies. Living Future Accredited Professional. In 2015, he co-founded the Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy.

Giuseppe Barbiero
University of Valle d’Aosta
Assistant professor in Ecology and Head of LEAF, the Laboratory of Affective Ecology at the University of Valle d’Aosta. He is co-editor of Visions for Sustainability. His main research interests are the biophilia hypothesis, and the biophilic design.

Alla Kudryashova
University of Bologna
B.A. in Management, M.Sc. in Strategic Leadership towards Sustainability. In 2015, discovered LBC while writing her thesis paper focused on assessment of BREEAM, LEED and LBC from a Strategic Sustainable Development Perspective. Currently serves Knowledge Transfer Office at the University of Bologna.

Michele Massaro
Freelance architect
Architect, strategic planner and innovation enthusiast, he works in the public and private sectors focusing architectural research according to systemic, biomimetic and territorial environmental characterization approaches. Beekeeper, he studies bees, inspiration of sustainability and beauty.

Marco Rossato
Faresin Formwork
Export Area Manager at Faresin Formwork SpA (Vicenza, Veneto region). He is an Architect and an Engineer interested in Sustainability, Design Process and R&D for Building products. He took part as contestant at ReGeneration 2017 LBC design competition.

Alessandro Speccher
Green Building Council Italia
A national recognized practitioner, lecturer, and leading authority in sustainability and regenerative design and implementation. He’s working with GBC Italia from 2007 as President’s assistant, Developer and Education manager and with Progetto CMR as green building and sustainability specialist.

The Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy headquarter is at NOI Techpark, Bolzano, same office as the local International Living Future Institute branch.

Anyone interested in getting involved in the LBCC Italy, please contact us or find us at:

Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy
c/o International Living Future Institute
Voltastraße / Via Volta 13A
I-39100 Bozen / Bolzano
Tel. +39 0471 094989
LBCCItaly@gmail.com

Web:                    http://collaboratives.living-future.org/italy
Facebook:           https://www.facebook.com/LBCCollaborativeItaly
Twitter:               @LBCItaly
YouTube             LBC Collaborative Italy
SlideShare          http://www.slideshare.net/LBCCItaly

NOI Techpark, Bolzano

Collaborando per un Living Future.

Comitato di gestione nuovo di zecca per il Collaborative italiano di Living Building Challenge.

Il Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy (LBCC Italy) è un gruppo di professionisti locali volontari impegnati per la sostenibilità, la formazione e l’attuazione del Living Building Challenge. Il LBCC Italy fornisce un forum unico di confronto “dal vivo” per facilitare il cambiamento nell’ambiente costruito. LBC è lo standard di sostenibilità più avanzato al mondo. Mentre al momento ci sono pochi edifici certificati LBC, il numero di gruppi che sta cercando di realizzare in varie parti del mondo le condizioni del Living Building Challenge cresce ogni anno.

Nella riunione del Collaborative dello scorso 23 maggio, abbiamo istituito il nuovo comitato di gestione del Collaborative. La missione è mettere in atto la strategia del Collaborative e organizzare e sviluppare le attività correlate. Il nuovo comitato ha un chiaro focus di competenza, al fine di affrontare efficacemente la sfida di sviluppare LBC su scala nazionale, in stretta connessione con l’iniziativa Living Future Institute Europe e ILFI a Seattle.

Ecco i nuovi membri del consiglio e i loro brevi profili: Carlo Battisti (facilitatore, diffusione), Giuseppe Barbiero (ricerca), Alla Kudryashova (attività), Michele Massaro (progetti), Marco Rossato (prodotti) e Alessandro Speccher (formazione).

Il Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy si trova presso il NOI Techpark a Bolzano, nello stesso ufficio italiano dell’International Living Future Institute.

Chiunque sia interessato a partecipare al LBC Collaborative: Italy, può contattarci o trovarci ai seguenti numeri:

Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy
c/o International Living Future Institute
Voltastraße / Via Volta 13A
I-39100 Bozen / Bolzano
Tel. +39 0471 094989
LBCCItaly@gmail.com

Web:                    http://collaboratives.living-future.org/italy
Facebook:           https://www.facebook.com/LBCCollaborativeItaly
Twitter:               @LBCItaly
YouTube             LBC Collaborative Italy
SlideShare          http://www.slideshare.net/LBCCItaly

Matera. Benessere e felicità riscoprendo il proprio passato.

[Questo articolo, scritto in collaborazione con Giuseppe Larato, Michele Massaro e Michele Scavetta, è la versione estesa in italiano dell’articolo “Matera, Italy: the original Living Community“, pubblicato sull’ultimo numero di Trim Tab (vol. 33) dell’International Living Future Institute, che potete leggere qui].

Matera, da vergogna nazionale a patrimonio dell’umanità.

Matera rappresenta il paradigma dell’evoluzione di un insediamento umano riferibile essenzialmente a due elementi che nei Sassi[1] hanno un’evidenza particolare:

  • un assetto spaziale organizzato attorno a spazi comuni che determina pratiche collaborative tra gli abitanti nella gestione delle attività quotidiane;
  • una piena integrazione dell’insediamento umano nell’ambiente naturale, ottenuta sviluppando e perfezionando tecniche di costruzione finalizzate a utilizzare le caratteristiche orografiche per adattarsi al clima arido del sito. L’elemento che ha condizionato in modo determinate l’evoluzione urbana è la necessità di garantire l’approvvigionamento idrico attraverso la raccolta e l’accumulo dell’acqua sorgiva e piovana con un sistema capillare e diffuso di canalizzazioni e cisterne.

Gli studi, che hanno interessato Matera nell’immediato dopoguerra, hanno enfatizzato la vita comunitaria che caratterizzava l’assetto sociale dei Sassi considerando il “vicinato” come modello da conservare e trasferire nei nuovi insediamenti che si andavano realizzando.

La scarsa considerazione assegnata dagli studi alla “qualità” dell’insediamento urbano nelle sue componenti relative alla sostenibilità e alla resilienza può essere addebitata alle particolari condizione abitative che caratterizzavano i Sassi nell’immediato dopoguerra riconducibili:

  • ai fenomeni di sovraffollamento delle abitazioni determinatasi storicamente nel periodo tra le due guerre che aveva visto Matera passare dai 20.163 abitanti del censimento del 1931 ai 30.390 del Censimento del 1951;
  • alle evidenti criticità che il sovraffollamento aveva creato, squilibrando il rapporto tra risorse, unità abitative e popolazione.

La mancanza di salubrità delle abitazioni dei Sassi non è stata considerata una condizione contingente ma una “vergogna” da sanare con il trasferimento in abitazioni “moderne”, senza cogliere le possibilità, recuperando la sapienza costruttiva accumulata nel corso dei secoli dagli abitanti, di traghettare con continuità l’insediamento dei Sassi nella “modernità”.

Solo nel 1993, con l’iscrizione nella lista del Patrimonio Mondiale dell’umanità, viene riconosciuto ai Sassi, dopo 40 anni di abbandono il loro valore di:

  • “eccezionale testimonianza … per le generazioni future per il modo di utilizzare la qualità dell’ambiente naturale per l’uso delle risorse del sole, della roccia e dell’acqua” (Criterio 3)
  • “esempio rilevante di un insieme architettonico e paesaggistico testimone di momenti significativi della storia dell’umanità” che hanno portato alla realizzazione di “sofisticate strutture urbane costruite con i materiali di scavo” (Criterio 4)
  • “rilevante esempio di insediamento umano tradizionale … che ha, dalle sue origini, mantenuto un armonioso rapporto con il suo ambiente naturale e un equilibrio tra intervento umano ed ecosistema per oltre nove millenni” (Criterio 5)

Le leggi speciali che hanno accompagnato l’evoluzione di Matera e dei Sassi da “Vergogna nazionale” a “Patrimonio dell’Umanità” e recentemente a “Capitale europea della cultura 2019” hanno svolto un ruolo rilevante.

Dalle prime leggi che hanno previsto lo sfollamento dei Sassi, il trasferimento della popolazione nei nuovi quartieri e il conferimento al demanio statale delle abitazioni abbandonate, con la legge 771/1986 si è arrivati ad avviare un vasto intervento di recupero che ha visto come protagonisti il Comune e i privati, attraverso l’istituto della subconcessione onerosa[2], i cui risultati sono evidenti.

Le particolari suggestioni che oggi la città di Matera offre possono essere ricondotte alla sensazione di “coerenza” complessiva dell’insediamento che gli interventi di recupero sono riusciti a realizzare nei singoli elementi costruttivi. Questo fa sì che i Sassi di Matera possano rappresentare, in modo esemplare, i valori presenti in molte città bacino del mediterraneo.

Matera, la comunità biofilica e sana.

L’antica città di Matera è un modello insediativo caratterizzato da un rapporto stretto con la natura del luogo.  Una città mediterranea, un “rifugio” scavato nella roccia, che ha i principi basilari di una comunità sana e felice. L’ambiente, a misura d’uomo, è fatto di luoghi sani, biofilici ed è costituito da invisibili connessioni che consentono flessibilità, efficienza e libertà.

Da ogni punto della città antica, dal Sasso Barisano, alla Civita, al Sasso Caveoso, ci si rapporta strettamente alla gravina[3]. Tale solco torrentizio non è che l’immagine della preistoria, appartenenza ancestrale alla madre terra, MATER- Matera.

Le caratteristiche ambientali costruiscono la città in una molteplicità di stratificazioni. C’è il colore cangiante della roccia, il suono dell’acqua della gravina, colonna sonora del giorno; c’è il senso di grande respiro che sale verso il cielo lungo i pendii.  Il sole e le ombre si seguono fino in fondo alle grotte scavate in obliquo, magiche e misteriose meridiane.

Una moltitudine di giardini pensili, di piante di vite si arrampicano come ragni alle pareti scavate a coprire i patii a mezzogiorno. Il paesaggio geologico diventa materiale costruttivo e attore protagonista della vita quotidiana. Tra le macchie e lungo il torrente non è raro scorgere una volpe con la fulgida coda come un pennello a dipingere il sentiero.

Le forme naturali sono nei sentieri curvi, disegnati per gli asini, un fiorire di segni botanici. Tutto si avvolge in se stesso come i canali di raccolta dell’acqua che con vortici veloci e le fenditure nette si riposano in ampie e placide cisterne, immobili ed eterne. Tutto è biomimesi, tutto appare come natura umanizzata. I percorsi e gli ambienti interni sono variabili alle stagioni e al tempo; sistemi aperti e chiusi s’intrecciano tra loro in una successione tra pubblico e privato in cui tutto è interconnesso. C’è una gerarchia complessa, come arterie e capillari nel corpo degli esseri viventi.

La luce naturale, simbolo di vita e colore, ha costruito questi ambienti, indicando la linea di scavo delle grotte fino a illuminarne le profondità.

Matera è spazio dell’anima, connessa con la storia umana e con la cultura materiale. Il senso che pervade la città è la verità e l’autenticità. Si esprime un grande senso di empatia, di forte connessione d’animo. E’ un equilibrio perfetto tra l’antico e il moderno in cui l’essere umano può sentirsi parte integrante della natura, sicuro rifugio. Un complesso sistema di stratificazioni che non esprime mai disordine ma continuo senso di scoperta e sicurezza. La contiguità nel vicinato esprime affezione umana, confronto in uno scambio di umanità. Un modello di comunità di grande spiritualità e bellezza che come diceva Stendhal “… è una promessa di felicità”.

Matera, Living Community?

La città di Matera è un luogo unico dove non è più possibile distinguere l’ambiente naturale e il luogo antropizzato perché il primo ha invaso il secondo e viceversa, un luogo in cui grotte naturali diventano casa e grotte scavate diventano naturali in un continuo rapporto osmotico che perdura anche oggi. Le abitazioni conservano quelle caratteristiche che le hanno connaturate per millenni, in un efficace dialogo con la contemporaneità che contribuisce alla sua stessa tutela.

L’impossibilità di raggiungere tutte le abitazioni con mezzi a motore regala inaspettati silenzi e una qualità della vita all’aperto ineguagliabile, oltre che un ambiente salubre e sicuro, in cui la mobilità lenta allontana i rischi prodotti dagli autoveicoli.

Da un punto di vista energetico potremmo immaginare che l’intero rione Sassi sia un’immensa massa con grande inerzia termica, se questo impone apporti energetici durante il periodo invernale, annulla l’utilizzo di metodi di raffrescamento estivi che sono preponderanti a queste latitudini.

L’essere Patrimonio Mondiale UNESCO, insieme con enormi vantaggi legati alla visibilità e al valore intrinseco del riconoscimento, impone degli obblighi, obblighi di rispetto del patrimonio stesso e del suo valore. Ne segue la necessità di utilizzare unicamente materiali della tradizione, privi quindi di agenti inquinanti. Pietra (tufo), legno, vetro e ferro li ritroviamo nelle facciate, nelle porte di accesso alle grotte, nelle piccole finestre e nelle ringhiere che disegnano il prospetto dei sassi, perché i Sassi questo sembrano, un unico indistinguibile prospetto nel quale colori e materiali in una danza silenziosa si uniscono agli spuntoni di roccia e all’azzurro del cielo per donarci immagini meravigliose.

Alicia Daniels Uhlig (International Living Future Institute)

Living Buildings e Living Communities: la sfida della rigenerazione, Matera, 6 febbraio 2018

L’evento organizzato dal Living Building Challenge Collaborative: Italy, ha portato il protocollo e la filosofia LBC nel cuore dell’estremo sud d’Italia. All’interno di Casa Cava – un’ex cava di tufo nei Sassi di Matera adibita a spazio per eventi culturali – si sono riuniti più di 120 architetti e ingegneri dalla Puglia e dalla Basilicata.

Alicia Daniels Uhlig, in collegamento da Seattle, ha illustrato il protocollo Living Community Challenge, con alcuni paralleli interessanti con l’esperienza di Matera. Nell’introduzione all’evento Michele Massaro, del Collaborative Italy, ha sottolineato come le buone pratiche di sviluppo urbano di Matera, siano un esempio ancora molto attuale di sostenibilità dell’ambiente costruito. Giuseppe Larato, pure del Collaborative, ha poi sintetizzato i più diffusi protocolli sulla sostenibilità degli edifici, aprendo la strada a una riflessione su LBC. Dal Politecnico di Bari, Francesco Fiorito ha evidenziato l’importanza di ridurre l’effetto isola di calore all’interno dei centri urbani; mentre Fabio Fatiguso ha analizzato i Sassi come caso studio di resilienza urbana per contrastare gli effetti del cambiamento climatico. Carlo Battisti, facilitatore del Collaborative italiano, ha infine fornito una panoramica sul protocollo LBC e sulla missione dell’International Living Future Institute.

I principi di LBC si ritrovano anche nelle attività di RESTORE (REthinking Sustainability TOwards a Regenerative Economy), un progetto di 4 anni finanziato dall’Unione Europea, che mira a creare le condizioni per una sostenibilità ristorativa dell’ambiente costruito, grazie ad una rete di più di 140 professionisti e ricercatori da 38 nazioni europee e internazionali.

Qui di seguito le presentazioni dell’evento:

[1] Con il nome “Sassi” a Matera s’intendono due grandi quartieri che costituiscono, insieme alla “Civita” e al “Piano”, il centro storico della città di Matera.

[2] Il concessionario di un bene demaniale può dare in uso a terzi, a titolo oneroso e dietro corrispettivo, locali facenti parte del demanio, sia mediante locazione che mediante subconcessione.

[3] La gravina è una tipica morfologia carsica della Murgia. Le gravine sono incisioni erosive profonde anche più di 100 metri, molto simili ai Canyon, scavate dalle acque meteoriche nella roccia calcarea. Le loro pareti, molto inclinate e in alcuni casi verticali, possono distare tra loro da poche decine a più di 200 metri.

This article, written in collaboration with Giuseppe Larato, Michele Massaro and Michele Scavetta, is the extended version of ‘Matera, Italy: the original Living Community’, featured on the last number of Trim Tab (Issue 33) of the International Living Future Institute, that you may read here.